BMI View: Despite limited success in boosting oil and gas production from the Bahrain field, the key development for the country will be the refining capacity expansion at the k ingdom's centrepiece Sitra refinery. However, delays to the expansion will result in a continuation of fuel export declines and a widening of the country's fiscal defic it until 2020. This marks a two- year delay to our previous forecast which saw increasing fuel exports from 2 018 . We also note downside risk to our crude oil and gas production forecasts on the back of Mubadala and Occidental's withdrawal from the Tatweer joint venture currently redeveloping the Bahrain field.
|e/f = estimate/forecast. Source: EIA, BMI|
|Crude, NGPL & other liquids prod, 000b/d||60.5||63.5||65.7||67.9||69.7||71.5||73.4|
|Refined products production, 000b/d||262.0||262.1||262.1||262.2||262.2||262.2||340.8|
|Refined products consumption & ethanol, 000b/d||52.5||55.1||55.6||57.2||59.0||60.7||62.5|
|Dry natural gas production, bcm||17.2||17.9||18.6||19.3||19.7||20.0||20.5|
|Dry natural gas consumption, bcm||17.2||17.9||18.6||19.3||20.4||21.7||22.7|
Latest Updates A nd Key Forecasts
We highlight the following trends and developments in Bahrain's oil and gas sector:
Redevelopment work (new wells, enhanced oil recovery and improved oil recovery) undertaken at the Bahrain field are boosting oil production at the mature field. While we expect some success, the low permeability of the heavy oil reservoirs, among other issues, have led us to anticipate delays. We have not yet included all volumes projected by the project.
Redevelopment work at the Bahrain field could slow or stagnate altogether over the coming years. It was reported in May 2016 that Mubadala Petroleum and Occidental Petroleum have agreed with Nogaholding to pull out of the 20 year JV Tatweer Petroleum. We will wait to see whether the government manages to find a replacement before deciding on how these changes will impact redevelopment and exploration works at the field, and before changing our forecast as a result.
After initial doubts on whether the refinery expansion would proceed, in June 2016, BAPCO opened a tender to boost refinery capacity, with closing date of October 2016. The expansion project, expected to entail an investment of about USD5bn, aims to increase processing capacity of the oil refinery from the existing 267,000 barrels per day (bpd) to 360,000 bpd, under the BAPCO Modernisation Programme. A 2020 completion date is a two-year delay to the original upgrade timeline, which targeted completion by 2018. We have modified our Bahrain forecast to reflect this delay, pushing back a ramp-up in refined fuels production to 2020.
In reaction to the low oil prices and its unsustainable fiscal dynamics, Bahrain has finally increased refined fuel prices late 2015/early 2016, and notably for gasoline prices, a first in the past 33 years. We slightly adjusted out refined fuels consumption forecast in reaction. We expect further such moves can be expected over the coming quarters and years, although changes will be implemented slowly and incrementally.
Indicative of expected gas production growth at the field is the award late 2015 of a contract in Bahrain to supply a new gas processing facility to Petrofac. The new facility with a 5.1bcm capacity is the first of a series of planned gas capacity projects scheduled for the next three to five years. In addition, in January 2016 Japan-based JGC Corporation reportedly signed an agreement worth USD355mn with Banagas to expand a gas-processing plant in Bahrain. The deal includes engineering, procurement and construction of the Banagas Expansion Project. The facility is expected to process 9.91mn cubic metres of extra associated gas from the Bahrain Oil Field. The plant is anticipated to be ready for testing in 32 months and begin operating in September 2018.
The Bahrain Oil & Gas Authority (Nogaholding) has awarded a build, own, operate and transfer contract for a liquefied natural gas (LNG) import terminal. The project is scheduled for completion by July 2018 and will have the capacity to import up to 8.3bcm per annum. We have adjusted our forecasts to reflect this development. We forecast first LNG in 2018 at 0.8bcm, rising to reach 5.3bcm by the end of our forecast period in 2025.
The addition of LNG imports has also significantly strengthened Bahrain's domestic gas consumption outlook, which was previously restrained by supply. We now forecast gas consumption averaging 4.6% y-o-y for the next 10 years; this compares to our previous forecast of 2.6%, with LNG imports supporting the greater use of gas in industry.
The Bahrain Oil & Gas Report has been researched at source and features BMI Research's independent forecasts for Bahrain including major indicators for oil, gas and LNG, covering all major indicators including reserves, production, consumption, refining capacity, prices, export volumes and values. The report includes full analysis of industry trends and prospects, national and multinational companies and changes in the regulatory environment.
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