BMI View: We hold an optimistic outlook towards Indonesia's agriculture sector and see significant growth opportunities in sub-sectors such as livestock, sugar and palm oil. The country's goal to become self sufficient in a large number of commodities is overly ambitious in light of the robust outlook for food and drink consumption. Agricultural production will struggle to expand in the coming years amidst scarce agricultural land, the lack of proper infrastructure and the existence of a large number of low-technology, small-scale farmers. While we believe that Indonesia will be able to reduce its dependence on rice imports in the coming y ears, sugar, corn and beef self- sufficiency are far-fetched. More worryingly, we expect coffee and cocoa production to record very weak production growth in the coming years.
|Self-Sufficiency Goal Not Always Achievable|
|Indonesia - Select Commodities Self-Sufficiency Ratios (%)|
|f = BMI forecast. Source: National sources, BMI|
BMI Key Forecasts
Cocoa production growth between 2014/15 and 2019/20: 5.3% to 368,000 tonnes. Production growth will slightly accelerate beyond 2018, as private grinders are slowly developing programmes to improve plantation management and foster best practices. Until then output will see weak growth.
Palm oil consumption growth between 2015 and 2020: 30.1% to 12.6mn tonnes. Relatively recent refining and biodiesel policies (B15 mandate) will continue to inflate domestic consumption of palm oil in the coming years.
Sugar production growth between 2014/15 and 2019/20: 36.4% to 3.0mn tonnes. The strong growth rate is mainly due to base effects as production declines in 2014/15. Moderate expansion in plantations will help output grow in the coming years, but production growth will be held back by poor cane recovery rates, harvest management and infrastructure issues.
BMI universe agribusiness market value: USD149.93bn in 2016 (up from USD140.54bn in 2015; forecast to grow annually by 7.2% on average between 2016 and 2020).
2016 real GDP growth: 5.2%, up from 4.8% in 2015 and compared with the 2011-2015 year average growth of 5.7%; forecast to grow annually by 6.0% on average between 2016 and 2020.
2016 consumer price index: 4.8%, down from 6.5% expected in 2015 and compared with the 2011-2015 year average growth of 5.8%; forecast to grow annually by 5.0% on average between 2016 and 2020.
Latest Updates & Structural Trends
El Nino, which re-emerged in 2015 and will linger into H116 will take its toll on Indonesia's agricultural production in 2015/16 and 2016/17. Rainfall in the country has been significantly below average over the August-October period. Grain and palm oil production growth will slow down in 2015/16, while coffee output will decline strongly in the upcoming 2016/17 crop.
The forest fires and haze crisis that unfolded in South East Asia in H215 - caused by the slash and burn technique and exacerbated by El Nino and the dry weather it brought to the region - will impact Indonesia and Malaysia's palm oil sectors in the coming years. The looming implementation of stricter sustainability laws for the palm oil sector adds to other mounting challenges for the sector. The haze turned the spotlight on Indonesia's already controversial palm oil sector and environmental sustainability practices and will have a negative impact on future production and consumption trends.
On another note, regarding environmental laws and the global fight against, climate change, the UN 2015 Paris Climate Change Conference (UN COP21) agreement, signed in December 2015, will have some impacts for Indonesia's palm oil sector. Deforestation will be one of the first issues to be addressed by the fight against climate change. On this front, Indonesia, which is a significant emitter in land-use change and forestry, will be one of the most impacted countries. It will see growing scrutiny and stricter regulations in the palm oil sector regarding future plantation expansion.
Indonesia's long-standing goal to reach self-sufficiency for a number of key foodstuffs will remain elusive in the coming years as production expansion is constrained by structural deficiencies. It will be able maintain its quasi self-sufficiency in poultry and to reach it for rice; but sugar, corn and beef self-sufficiency will remain out of reach. As such, the government will have little choice but to ease the import restrictions it maintains on corn and sugar, gradually allowing more imports in the coming years.
The operating environment for palm oil companies in Indonesia will remain challenging over the coming quarters. In light of the downturn in the sector, palm oil companies are adjusting their strategies towards much-needed efficiency gains. Companies will also look at acquiring small and young plantations, leading to consolidation in the sector, as well as in the oleochemical segment.
Palm oil is not the only sector that is going through challenging times, as sugar millers and poultry producers are also going through a difficult face. Margins will remain low in 2015, as feed prices are rising in Indonesia due to the government's policy to restrict grain import to the bare minimum. Amidst lower profitability, various poultry players, including Japfa Comfeed Indonesia and Malindo Feedmill have decided to cut and delay expansion plans.
The Indonesia Agribusiness Report features BMI Research's market assessment and independent forecasts for production, consumption and trade across core agricultural commodities.
BMI's Indonesia Agribusiness Report includes independent commodity price forecasting and analysis for key agricultural outputs, an overview of the agribusiness competitive landscape and a discussion of the downstream context of agricultural production in relation to country food consumption forecasts and composite food and beverage trade forecasts.
- Use BMI's independent industry forecasts to test other views - a key input for successful planning in dynamic agribusiness markets.
- Apply BMI's medium-term commodity price analysis to assist with budgetary planning and the identification of investment opportunities and potential risks.
- Assess the activities and market position of your competitors, partners and clients.
BMI Industry View
Summary of BMI’s key industry forecasts and views, highlighting recent changes and key risks to the industry outlook.
Industry SWOT Analysis
Analysis of the major strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats within the wider agricultural industry.
BMI Supply & Demand Forecasts
Divided into sections based on various diverse sectors in the agriculture market, the chapter provides insight into each market’s agricultural industry, centred on sector forecasts to end-2019 for the consumption, production and trade of key commodities.
- Consumption Forecasts: Accompanied by a discussion of the main drivers of consumption growth: macroeconomic factors, food processing trends, price movements and increasingly, demand from the non-food sector.
- Production Forecasts: Examine the trends influencing BMI’s production outlook: global demand, price increases, public and private sector investment and agricultural efficiency improvements.
- Trade Forecasts: Accompanied by a discussion of the factors influencing a country’s trade in agricultural goods, including domestic demand, global prices and government trade policies.
- BMI’s Forecasts: Accompanied by a risks-to-outlook assessment, which examines potential factors that could affect our existing forecast picture and the likelihood of their occurrence.
BMI’s Commodity Price Analysis
Fundamental and technical analysis of the short- and medium-term price outlook for eight agricultural commodities based on globally recognised benchmarks.
Analysis of headline food and drink forecasts, including total food consumption, per capita food consumption and total sector trade, which provide important downstream intelligence for primary agricultural producers.
Includes relevant articles from BMI’s daily analysis service. These can include: long-term projections on agricultural imports and exports; our perceptions of the impacts of economic slowdown on key companies and subsectors within the Agribusiness industry in a given country; our analysis of fertilizer production; as well as other relevant analysis of recent news and events.
The reports contain information on prominent companies operating in each market.
Key Commodities Covered By The Agribusiness Market
Reports Include: Grains, Dairy, Livestock, Rice, Sugar, Palm Oil, Edible Oils, Coffee, Cocoa, Cotton, Soybean
Please note – not all reports cover all commodities.
The Agribusiness reports draw on an extensive network of primary sources, such as multilateral organisations, government departments, industry associations, chambers and company reports.