Turkey Water Report

Published 19 November 2014

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Turkey Water Report

BMI View: We believe the ongoing drought, the reduction of the water resources, and the rising demand for thermal electricity generation pose serious risks to the Turkish water sector. Moreover, continued regional tensions between Turkey and its neighbours concerning the former's extensive dam construction and the latter ' s calls to slow or even halt construction of many of Turkey's water infrastructure projects will have a long-term impact on the sector.

Overall, Turkey has an open trade and investment environment and actively encourages foreign investment however waning investor interest is acting as a drag on FDI levels Turkey has seen a sharp drop-off in FDI into the water sector since 2012. In 2010 it had the third largest level of FDI into water collection, distribution and purification, just behind the UK and the Czech Republic according to Trademap statistics, while in 2011, it rose to second place (behind the Czech Republic). However since 2012, FDI into the water sector has ceased and the country is now entirely reliant on governmental funding for its water sector development projects. We attribute this to the large number of risk factors particular to Turkey which are hindering the country's ability to attract FDI, such as an increased political risk profile and pronounced macroeconomic imbalances.

The ongoing upheaval in Syria and Iraq has significant implications for Turkley's own water sector. At present, the Iraq-based militant group Isis now has control of a significant portion of the water supplies in Iraq, both desalination facilities and dams. This arguably intensifies Iraq's reliance on limited supplies from the Tigris and Euphrates rivers, which are already constrained by the large-scale dam projects in Turkey. However, there are also potential risks to the |Turkish dam projects should Isis seek to control water supplies further up river, or if the conflict spills onto Turkish soil. Equally, the fact that Turkey's actual neighbors in...

Table of Contents

BMI Industry View
Water SWOT
Business Environment
Industry Forecast
Turkey Water Forecast
Water Extraction
Table: Water Extraction, 2011-2018
Water Consumption
Table: Water Consumption, 2011-2018
Water Treatment And Sanitation
Table: Water Treatment, 2011-2018
Table: Water Sanitation Networks, 2011-2018
Industry Risk Reward Ratings
Turkey Risk/Reward Ratings
Table: Europe Water Sector Risk/Reward Index
Market Overview
Water Supply And Consumption
Industrial And Agricultural Consumption
Water Treatment and Sanitation
Table: Number of Wastewater Treatment Plants by Type
Regulations and Tariffs
Industry Trends And Developments
Key Projects, Industry Trends & Developments
Table: Turkey Water Infrastructure Projects
Competitive Landscape
Ministry of Forestry and Water Affairs, and Other Government Ministries
State Hydraulic Works (DSI)
Global Industry Overview
Demographic Forecast
Table: Population Headline Indicators (Turkey 1990-2025)
Table: Key Population Ratios (Turkey 1990-2025)
Table: Urban/Rural Population & Life Expectancy (Turkey 1990-2025)
Table: Population By Age Group (Turkey 1990-2025)
Table: Population By Age Group % (Turkey 1990-2025)
Industry Forecast Methodology
Risk/Reward Index Methodology
Table: Water Risk/Reward Index Indicators
Table: Weighting Of Indicators

The Turkey Water Report has been researched at source and features latest-available data covering public and private sector investment in all major water projects including water extraction, water distribution and water treatment and sanitation projects and also includes competitive intelligence. The report features BMI Research's independent industry forecasts and analysis of latest industry news, trends and regulatory developments in Turkey.

BMI's Turkey Water Report provides industry professionals and strategists, sector analysts, business investors, trade associations and regulatory bodies with independent forecasts and competitive intelligence on the water industry in Turkey.

Key Benefits

  • Benchmark BMI's independent water industry forecasts for Turkey to test other views - a key input for successful budgeting and strategic business planning in the Turkish water industry.
  • Target business opportunities and risks in Turkey through our reviews of latest industry trends, regulatory changes and major deals, projects and investments.


BMI Industry View

Summary of BMI’s key industry forecasts, views and trend analysis covering regulatory changes, major investments and projects and signifi cant national and multinational company developments. These are broken down into Water Extraction, Water Consumption and Water Treatment & Sanitation.

Industry SWOT Analysis

Analysis of the major Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities and Threats within the water and wastewater sectors and the potential affects for industrial consumers, within the broader political, economic and business environment.

BMI Industry & Economic Forecasts

Historic data series (2011-2012) and forecasts to end-2019 for all key industry and economic indicators, supported by explicit assumptions, plus analysis of key risks to the main forecasts. Indicators include:

  • Extraction: Total water extraction (mn cubic metres) (% growth y-o-y); underground water extraction (mn cubic metres) (% growth y-o-y) (% of total water extraction); surface water extraction (mn cubic metres) (% growth y-o-y) (% of total water extraction).
  • Consumption: Total water consumption (mn cubic metres) (% growth y-o-y) (% of total water extraction); total mains water consumption (mn cubic metres) (% growth y-o-y) (% of total water extraction); household water consumption (mn cubic metres) (% growth y-o-y) (litres per household per day); total non-mains water consumption (mn cubic metres) (% growth y-o-y) (% of total water extraction); water losses total mains water consumption (mn cubic metres) (% growth y-o-y) (% of total water extraction).
  • Treatment: Total waste water discharged (mn cubic metres) (% growth y-o-y); treated discharged water (mn cubic metres) (% growth y-o-y); untreated discharged water (mn cubic metres) (% growth y-o-y); mechanically treated wastewater (mn cubic metres) (% growth y-o-y); biologically treated wastewater (mn cubic metres) (% growth y-o-y); combined treated wastewater (mn cubic metres) (% growth y-o-y).
  • economy: Economic growth (%); nominal GDP (USDbn); unemployment (%); interest rates (%); exchange rate (against USD).

BMI’s Water Risk Reward Index

BMI’s Risk Reward Indices provide investors (water management, water utility and water infrastructure companies) looking for opportunities in the region with a clear country-comparative assessment of a market’s risks and potential rewards. Each of the country markets are scored using a sophisticated model that includes more than 40 industry, economic and demographic data points to provide indices of highest to lowest appeal to investors, with each position explained.

Market Overview

This is broken down into the following sectors:

  • Water supply & Consumption: Where the water comes from, (rivers, springs, lakes, surface water, ground water and so on), key trends with regards to extraction, key trends with regards to overall water consumption, municipal or domestic consumption, and key industrial and agricultural consumption trends.
  • Water distribution: This examines how the water is distributed – whether by municipalities, regional organisations or national companies, whether the water networks are nationalised or privatised, and key trends and developments.
  • Water Treatment & sanitation: This section evaluates the country’s water pollution levels, the connectivity to water mains and sewage networks, the volumes and methods of water treatment, government initiatives with regards to treatment and sanitation processes and key projects, trends and developments.
  • Regulations & Tariffs: Key national and regional legislations with regards to water pollution, extraction and distribution as well as an overview of water rates for domestic and industrial users.

Industry Trends & Developments

Analysis of latest projects across the water infrastructure sector including water and wastewater treatment plants, desalination facilities, mains water and sewage network expansions, dams, and hydropower plants.

Competitive Landscape

Provides an overview of key government ministries overseeing the water sector together with regulatory organisations, alongside the central companies involved in water and wastewater distribution and treatment services in the country.


The Water Market Reports are based on an extensive network of primary sources, such as multilateral organisations (UN, WB, IMF), national chambers of commerce and industry, national statistical offices, government ministries and central banks, and multinational companies.

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'An essential, multi-faceted research tool. BMI’s thorough understanding of the major market players enables an informed – and informative – review of the sector’s actual performance, together with useful insights into current industry issues, which are topped-off with detailed and invaluable forecasts of industry and macroeconomic trends.’

Senior Research Analyst, ABC International Bank plc