Vietnam Pharmaceuticals & Healthcare Report

Providing expert analysis, independent forecasts and competitive intelligence on the pharmaceuticals and healthcare industry.

Report includes: BMI Industry View, Industry SWOT Analysis, Industry Forecasts, BMI's Pharmaceuticals and Healthcare Risk Reward Index, Market Summary, Economic Forecasts, Company Profiles and Competitive Landscape.

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Vietnam Pharmaceuticals & Healthcare Report
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BMI Vi ew: Vietnam's goal of having the majority of its pharmaceutical demand be met by local firms will shape the country's medicine market. While domestic healthcare needs are a factor underpinning this approach, there is also an economic aspect involved, with the government keen to establish Vietnam as an exporter of vaccines in the region. This has strong implications for multinational pharmaceutical firms operating in the country, and it accentuates the need to invest in a long-term partnership with domestic drugmakers to capture the commercial opportunities in the country.

Headline Expenditure Projections

  • Pharmaceuticals: VND92.5trn (USD4.2bn) in 2015 to VND105.6trn (USD4.7bn) in 2016; +14.2% in local currency terms and +12.1% in US dollar terms. Forecast virtually unchanged compared to the last quarter.

  • Healthcare: VND304.3trn (USD13.9bn) in 2015 to VND333.6bn (USD14.9bn) in 2016; +9.6% in local currency terms and +7.5% in US dollar terms. Forecast virtually unchanged compared to the last quarter.

Headline Pharmaceuticals & Healthcare Forecasts (Vietnam 2014-2020)
2014 2015 2016f 2017f 2018f 2019f 2020f
f = BMI forecast. Source: WHO, National Sources, BMI
Pharmaceutical sales, USDbn 3.808 4.219 4.728 5.291 5.872 6.527 7.216
Pharmaceutical sales, % of GDP 2.05 2.21 2.32 2.38 2.40 2.42 2.42
Pharmaceutical sales, % of health expenditure 29.0 30.4 31.7 32.7 33.5 34.1 34.5
Health spending, USDbn 13.127 13.883 14.930 16.178 17.510 19.123 20.921

Risk/ Reward Index

In Q117 Vietnam's Pharmaceuticals Risk/Reward Index score remains unchanged at 48.3 out of a maximum of 100. Vietnam remains ranked 13th out of 20 countries monitored in the Asia Pacific region in terms of market attractiveness to pharmaceutical investors. Vietnam's score is driven by a relatively large market size (scoring 12.0 for this index component, above the regional average of 10.1) and robust sector value growth (scoring 9.6, above the regional average of 6.7), but is dragged down by low spending per capita on medicine (scoring 2.4, against the regional average of 3.8) and subdued patent respect (scoring 2.8, against the regional average of 3.3).

Latest Updates

  • In August 2016, Deputy Prime Minister Vu Duc Dam asked health sector officials to inspect the social insurance fund and penalise those taking undue advantage of it. The social insurance fund, which in the first half of 2016 reached VND28.2trn (USD1.3bn), is at risk of overspending due to a 12% increase in the number of people buying health insurance, the application of equal health service prices and some people with health insurance cards taking advantage of the fund (such as reselling prescription medicines).

  • In September 2016, a pilot programme on national hospital quality assessment resulted in positive results, but a gap between policy objectives and operations still exists, according to hospital officials. The quality assessment results will be publicised to motivate hospitals to improve quality, with current gaps reflecting overcrowding and slow advance in professional techniques uptake.

  • Vietnam's government announced in November 2016 that a locally manufactured measles-rubella vaccine will be used in the National Expanded Programme on Immunisation from 2017. Produced by the Ministry of Health's Centre for Research and Production of Vaccines (POLYVAC), the vaccine was developed under a technology-transfer project funded by the Japan International Cooperation Agency, which financed the cost of development, valued at USD6.7mn.

BMI Economic View

We believe that the government's decision to stop acting as a guarantor for state-owned enterprises' loans will be an overall positive for Vietnam despite potential short-term disruptions to infrastructure projects and increases in insolvency of state firms. The move will help to improve fiscal sustainability and resource allocation, which should bode well for Vietnam's economic growth.

BMI Political View

Vietnam's move to expand military facilities in the South China Sea amid uncertainty regarding Washington's foreign policy stance was prompted by two factors. It is likely that Hanoi wants to reassert its sovereignty given the Philippines' recent 'defection' to the Chinese camp, as well as to measure Washington's response in view of improved bilateral relations and changing dynamics in the region.

BMI Industry View
Table: Headline Pharmaceuticals & Healthcare Forecasts (Vietnam 2014-2020)
Industry Forecast
Pharmaceutical Market Forecast
Table: Pharmaceutical Sales, Historical Data And Forecasts (Vietnam 2012-2020)
Healthcare Market Forecast
Table: Healthcare Expenditure Trends, Historical Data And Forecasts (Vietnam 2012-2020)
Table: Government Healthcare Expenditure Trends, Historical Data And Forecasts (Vietnam 2012-2020)
Table: Private Healthcare Expenditure Trends, Historical Data And Forecasts (Vietnam 2012-2020)
Prescription Drug Market Forecast
Table: Prescription Drug Market Indicators, Historical Data And Forecasts (Vietnam 2012-2020)
Patented Drug Market Forecast
Table: Patented Drug Market Indicators, Historical Data And Forecasts (Vietnam 2012-2020)
Generic Drug Market Forecast
Table: Generic Drug Market Indicators, Historical Data And Forecasts (Vietnam 2012-2020)
OTC Medicine Forecast
Table: Over-The-Counter (OTC) Medicine Market Indicators, Historical Data And Forecasts (Vietnam 2012-2020)
Pharmaceutical Trade Forecast
Table: Pharmaceutical Trade Data And Forecasts (Vietnam 2014-2020)
Table: Pharmaceutical Trade Data And Forecasts local currency (Vietnam 2014-2020)
Pharmaceuticals & Healthcare Risk/Reward Index
Asia Pacific Risk/Reward Index - Q3 2016
Vietnam Risk/Reward Index
Regulatory Review
Intellectual Property Issues
Table: Special 301 Submission: Issues Raised For Vietnam
Pricing Regime
Reimbursement Regime
Market Overview
Healthcare Sector
Table: Healthcare Resources (Vietnam 2010-2015)
Table: Healthcare Personnel (Vietnam 2010-2015)
Table: Healthcare Activity (Vietnam 2010-2015)
Research & Development
Competitive Landscape
Research-Based Industry
Table: Multinational Market Activity
Pharmaceutical Distribution
Pharmaceutical Retail Sector
Table: Key Aspects Of Good Pharmacy Practice In Developing Countries
Company Profile
DHG Pharmaceutical
Traphaco Pharmaceutical
Vietnam Pharmaceutical Corporation (Vinapharm)
Demographic Forecast
Table: Population Headline Indicators (Vietnam 1990-2025)
Table: Key Population Ratios (Vietnam 1990-2025)
Table: Urban/Rural Population & Life Expectancy (Vietnam 1990-2025)
Table: Population By Age Group (Vietnam 1990-2025)
Table: Population By Age Group % (Vietnam 1990-2025)
Pharmaceutical Expenditure Forecast Model
Healthcare Expenditure Forecast Model
Notes On Methodology
Risk/Reward Index Methodology
Index Overview
Table: Pharmaceutical Risk/Reward Index Indicators
Indicator Weightings

The Vietnam Pharmaceuticals & Healthcare Report features BMI Research's forecasts for drugs and healthcare expenditure and imports and exports, focusing on the growth outlook for the prescription, OTC, patented drugs and generics market segments.

BMI's Vietnam Pharmaceuticals & Healthcare Report provides industry professionals, strategists, company executives, investors, analysts and sales/marketing heads with independent forecasts and competitive intelligence on the Vietnam pharmaceutical and healthcare industry.

Key Benefits

  • Benchmark BMI's pharmaceutical and healthcare market forecasts for Vietnam, to test other views - a key input for successful budgeting and strategic business planning in the Vietnamese pharmaceutical and healthcare market.
  • Target business opportunities and risks in the Vietnamese pharmaceutical and healthcare sector through our reviews of latest industry trends, regulatory changes and major deals, projects and investments in Vietnam.
  • Assess the activities, strategy and market position of your competitors using our company profiles (including SWOTs, KPIs and latest activity) and competitive landscape tables.


BMI Industry View

An at-a-glance perspective on the latest regulatory developments, key forecast indicators and major corporate developments, covering the prescription, OTC and generics markets. The pharmaceuticals and healthcare SWOT outlines strategic factors that affect the basic assumptions underpinning BMI’s forecast analysis, and taken together with BMI’s political, economic and business environment SWOTs, it gives a complete overview of market climate.

BMI Industry Forecast Scenario

Industry forecasts to end-2019 for all key indicators, supported by explicit assumptions, plus analysis of key downside risks to the main forecasts:

  • Healthcare: Total healthcare expenditure (USDbn), healthcare expenditure (% of GDP), healthcare expenditure per capita (USD), hospital beds, doctors, and birth & mortality rates (all per ‘000 population).
  • Pharmaceutical Market: Drug expenditure in USDbn, % of GDP and per capita (USD).
  • Patented Drug Market: Prescription drug sales (USDbn & % of total sales).
  • Generic Drug Market: Generic product sales (USDbn), generic sales (% of total sales).
  • OTC Drug Market: OTC sales (USDbn & % of total sales).
  • Macroeconomic Forecasts: Nominal and real GDP, % real GDP growth, % private consumption growth, % industrial output growth, % consumer price index, % GDP price deflator, exports, imports, trade balance, current account balance, foreign direct investment, exchange rate against USD, government expenditure and external debt.

BMI’s Pharmaceuticals and Healthcare Risk Reward Index

BMI’s Risk Reward Index provides investors (both national and multinational) looking for opportunities in the region with a clear country-comparative assessment of the market’s risks and potential rewards. Each of the country markets are scored using a sophisticated model that includes more than 40 industry, economic and demographic data points to provide indices of highest to lowest appeal to investors, with each position explained.

Market Summary

A snapshot of key market characteristics, including total size of the pharmaceuticals and healthcare segments, growth drivers, leading therapeutic areas and the competitive landscape

Industry Developments

A focus on government healthcare reforms, epidemiological trends, mergers and acquisitions, product launches, market entries, FDI activity, R&D, biotechnology, clinical trials and supply chain issues.

Regulatory Regime

Details of the industry regulatory framework and key legislation covering the licensing of new products/services, pricing and reimbursements, intellectual property, taxation and advertising, as well as analysis of the overall regulatory burden.

Competitive Landscape

The competitive landscape section provides comparative company analyses and index by USD sales and % share of total sales – for the total pharmaceutical sector, as well as the OTC, generics and distribution sub-sectors.

Company Profiles*

Examines the competitive positioning and short- to medium-term business strategies of key industry players. Strategy is examined within the context of BMI’s industry forecasts, our macroeconomic views and our understanding of the wider competitive landscape to generate Company SWOT analyses. The latest financial and operating statistics and key company developments are also incorporated within the company profiles, enabling a full evaluation of recent company performance and future growth prospects.

*Company profiles are not available for every country. Those reports instead contain information on the current activities of prominent companies operating in the market.